Income Inequality in Canada: The Geography of Intergenerational Income Mobility Across Canada

The Conference Board of Canada, July 6, 2017 at 2:00 PM EST
Live Webinar by The Conference Board of Canada

Income inequality is one of the defining public policy challenges of the 21st century in Canada and around the world. A key aspect of the inequality debate is intergenerational income mobility—whether one generation of people is positioned to achieve a higher standard of living than their parents’ generation.

Intergenerational income mobility varies significantly across the country, which means that Canadians do not have equal opportunity to advance to a higher standard of living than that of their parents.

In this webinar, learn more from Professor Miles Corak – one of Canada’s most knowledgeable experts on social mobility—about the four broad regions that make up the divided landscapes of economic opportunity in Canada. These regions are not geographically connected, and they do not match up with provincial boundaries. The high mobility areas of the country are in Southwestern Ontario, Alberta and Saskatchewan. Manitoba has noticeably less intergenerational mobility, but this has more to do with low average levels of income among some communities in the province.

Understanding the regional variations in income mobility helps communities tailor solutions that work for their own circumstances. This analysis is essential for federal, provincial and regional policy-makers with social development as part of their responsibilities; institutions such as schools; and organizations that work in communities across the country.

About Miles

Miles CorakMiles Corak is a full professor of economics with the Graduate School of Public and International Affairs at the University of Ottawa, where he teaches principles of economics, labour economics, and social policy in a way relevant for public policy. He has published numerous articles on topics dealing with child poverty, access to university education, intergenerational earnings and social mobility, and unemployment.

Professor Corak is the Economist in Residence at Employment and Social Development Canada for 2017. Until 2007, Professor Corak was the Director of the Family and Labour Studies Division at Statistics Canada. He has also been a visiting researcher with the UNICEF Innocenti Research Centre in Florence Italy in 2003-04, the Centre for Longitudinal Studies in London, United Kingdom in 2008, with the Office of Population Research at Princeton University in 2011, the Russell Sage Foundation in 2013-14, and Harvard University in 2015-16.

Professor Corak holds a BA in economics and political science and an MA in economics from McGill University. He completed his PhD at Queen’s University. Professor Corak maintains his own blog at, and you can follow him on Twitter @MilesCorak.

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